Muhammad ibn Abdallah ibn Abd al-Muttalib was born in Mecca April 20, 570 AD and died in 632 AD. His youth was marked by poverty and rejection. His father died soon after he was born. His mother gave him up for adoption at the age of 2 years old. His foster-mother raised him in the highlands south-east of Mecca, in a poor shepherd’s family. Muhammad started having visions and fits at age 5. The shepherds that he lived with were afraid he was possessed by the devil and returned him to his mother. Some medical experts today believe he had epilepsy. Orphaned at age 6. At age 8 he was cared for by an uncle, who hired him out as a shepherd and at age 10 as a guard and caravan camel driver. He was probably illiterate.
Age 25: Married his first wife Khadija, a 40-year-old wealthy older widow.
Age 40: Received his first revelation. Khadija and a cousin of hers became his first disciples.
Co-opts the moon-god Allah. By picking, for the god of Islam, the name of the moon-god Allah, particularly revered by Muhammad’s own tribe, the Quraysh, Muhammad helped assure the early success of Islam by avoiding any too radical innovations.