One of the most misunderstood passages of Scripture is the account when the Apostle Peter acknowledges Jesus as the Christ, the Son of the living God. The Father through Holy Spirit reveals to Peter who Jesus is (Matthew 16:13-20, Mark 8:27-30; Luke 9:18-20; John 6:66-71).
This is the passage where Jesus speaks of building His church upon a rock, and where He gives to Peter the “keys to the kingdom.” The Papacy falsely claims this as proof of their claim to be the lawful head of Christ’s Church on Earth. The Roman Church also claims a continuous succession of popes from Peter, who they claim as their first pope. In addition they assert that Jesus giving Peter the “keys” means that Peter, at that time, was given temporal authority over the whole Christian Church. Thus that same authority passed to all succeeding Bishops of Rome, popes, who claim to be Christ’s representative on Earth, or actually a substitute Christ.