One correction; I used the word ‘overdetermined’ but should have said ‘underdtermined’. That means that the universe, fundamentally, does not give us enough information to know for certain the cause of any effects we may observe. There are always other putative causal mechanisms that could produce the same result. Some of those may never even be thought of.
February 2020 Sci News reported on this galaxy XMM-2599 discovered about 12 billion light-years away.
Astronomers using the Multi-Object Spectrograph for Infrared Exploration (MOSFIRE) at the W. M. Keck Observatory have discovered an ultramassive galaxy 12 billion light-years away from Earth. The unusual galaxy, named XMM-2599, formed stars at a very high rate and then died; why it suddenly stopped forming stars is unclear.
As I have reported many times in the past, the big bang paradigm is a priori accepted as truth and whatever is discovered is fitted into that story-line. In this case it is another of those objects that is simply too big too early in the alleged history of the big bang universe.
“More remarkably, we show that XMM-2599 formed most of its stars in a huge frenzy when the Universe was less than one billion years old, and then became inactive by the time the Universe was only 1.8 billion years old.”
Dr. Forrest and colleagues used spectroscopic observations from the MOSFIRE instrument to make detailed measurements of XMM-2599 and precisely quantify its distance.
Everyone loves a controversy. There is a new one brewing, and some astrophysicists are very unhappy because their pet paradigm is in trouble again.
Dark matter, the stuff that allegedly comprises up to 85% of the matter content of galaxies in the universe, has just hit another road block:
“…three physicists claim their observations of empty patches of sky rule out one possible explanation of the strange substance—that it is made out of unusual particles called sterile neutrinos. But others argue the data show no such thing.”
The 11-year sunspot cycle number 24 has just ended. We are entering sunspot cycle 25. The number of sunspots has been decreasing over the past 3 cycles which has been about 4 decades. See plot below.
Note cycles 20 to 22, with an increase in peak sunspot number, is the same period that global warming has been claimed to be most significant . Then from cycle 22 to cycle 24 we see a decrease, but also there have been reports of global cooling, most significantly in the last decade or so.
For those of you who have been following my posts here and/or on creation.com may remember that I have been very critical of the alleged stuff that astronomers call dark matter. Its alleged existence is an admission that we don’t know something about our universe. I have predicted that they will not find it, at least, not in the exotic form and quantity needed.
Last year New Scientist (a popular science magazine) had the admission on its front cover:
DARK MATTER We still haven’t found it. Our theories are falling apart.
Front Cover New Scientist November 2019
This is something I have been saying for a long time.
Add to that the mystery of dark energy and the two components total 96% of the mass energy content of the universe. But what makes it worse, we know nothing about these entities.
The simplest solution — take Ockham’s Razor to it — is that these entities just do not exist.
God created the universe essentially the way we see it now. The big bang cosmological paradigm is wrong. The latter is based on the false notion that the universe created itself, without the Creator. It follows then that when fallen creatures use this false starting point many contradictions will arise in any theory that tries to explain the universe. And finally someone is admitting it — their theories are falling apart.
This presentation is by David DuByne, who was a coffee buyer, which included buying coffee from Myanmar. His interest in the topic of global warming, or really global cooling, started when growers told him that coffee yields were down due to unseasonal cold weather.
The video is 1 hour 25 minutes but well worth the time invested. His predictions are well in line with the prediction of John L.Casey who predicted that the earth is headed for another mini Ice Age, by the year 2030. See my review of Casey’s book “Dark Winter”.
Introduction from David DuByne’s YouTube video presentation:
Solar activity occurs in cycles, the most well-known is the 11-year solar maximum to solar minimum, but our Sun also goes through longer duration more powerful cycles occurring in 400, 2000, 3600 and 7200 year intervals. Effects on societies during these Grand Solar Minimum cycles has been well catalogued through the millennia but always results in food shortages, economic contraction and population migration. Our Earth is now being effected by the new Eddy Grand Solar Minimum and will intensify from this point forward through 2030 with the same effects on our modern world.
How will governments cope with this type of society reset button when global crop yields decline year-on-year resulting in explosive food prices and social instability? Would they warn the general public of the changes or choose to create excuses, divert attention from the issues, refuse to discuss or censor voices explaining amplified extreme weather events across our planet caused by Earth’s magnetosphere weakening due to the electromagnetic connection with our star moving into a 400-year cycle of reduced activity.
The science that explains the changes we are now seeing in our weather with a societal forecast to 2030 based on past cycles of the Grand Solar Minimum. It’s not CO2, It’s not you, It’s the Sun.
It seems that flat-earth believers deny the existence of satellites, which means all global navigation system satellites (GNSS) including the American GPS satellites (at 20,000 km altitude), all geostationary satellites (at 35,000 km altitude) and all low earth orbit TV transmitting satellites (around 300 km altitude). The elephant not in the kitchen but in space is the largest of satellites, the International Space Station (ISS), the largest man-made structure in space. It orbits at an altitude of about 400 km, which is well outside of the atmosphere.
The ISS can be seen from the earth’s surface with the naked eye, when it passes overhead on a 90 minute circumnavigation of the planet, travelling much faster than stars move. It looks like a fast-moving plane only much higher and traveling thousands of kilometers an hour faster. When it comes into view in your area it is best viewed within two hours of sunset or sunrise. Because of the very large solar panels, used to power the spacecraft, sunlight can reflect off those in your direction.
In this video we can see the earth rise from the moon. It was taken about 10 years ago by the Japanese space agency JAXA (not NASA) from their lunar orbiter SELENE. The spacecraft orbited the moon for about a year before it was deliberately crashed in to the moon surface.
There are people who believe that the Earth is a flat disk and not a sphere. It is incredible I know. Apart from interpreting certain scriptures to support their claim it would seem that they have to also claim that all space agencies have faked all images of the earth since man’s quest into space began.
So they claim that this spacecraft could not have observed the spherical planet from the moon because no such craft ever left the planet. But the Japanese did send a spacecraft as have other nations. This one shows beautifully the jewel among the stars and it doesn’t look flat to me.
Sorry, it would seem that that movie titled “The Moon From Lunar Orbit: A Unique View Of The Moon / Earthrise (Series Of Recorded Videos)” is no longer playing on YouTube. Try this one instead.
The following 4K video was created from thousands of images taken by the JAXA SELENE/Kaguya lunar orbiter. The spacecraft orbited the Moon for a year and eight months, before intentionally impacting on crater Gill on June 10, 2009. The video has been upscaled and retimed to bring you some of the best views of the lunar surface.
6/2/2020Comment from a flat-earther: Haha you’re all comedians, but can’t see the reality that it is a fake video or believe that NASA could lie! Think about it. Where is the sun’s position, how bright should the moon be but isn’t, and seeing the earth seems to be in full light why is the background dark? When we are in day, the sky is blue. Perhaps someone has an answer.
My response: Number one, this video was not produced by NASA but by JAXA the Japanese space agency. I have had interactions with scientist colleagues from JAXA and find them to be a reputable organisation.
Number two: There is no atmosphere on the moon. Thus there are no molecules to scatter sunlight. You learn that in high-school. Hence the sky is black. On earth we see a blue sky because of scattered sunlight. Blue light (shorter wavelengths than red light) is scattered in all directions by the molecules of air in Earth’s atmosphere. Blue is scattered more than other colours because of its shorter wavelengths. As a result when we look at the sky we preferentially see the blue light component of sunlight which contains all the colours of the spectrum.
Then the automatic gain control on the camera on board the spacecraft reduces the aperture of the camera because of the high albedo of the moon. High albedo means high reflectivity. The moon reflects a little more than 10% of the sunlight hitting its surface. The moon’s surface has about 1/3rd the albedo of the earth’s surface. The reduction of the camera aperture means less light entering the camera so not to saturate the CCD module. Hence the moon surface does not look so bright, and note stars are not so easily seen in the black sky because the camera aperture is reduced.
God talking to Job: Where were you when I made the foundations of the earth? Declare if you have understanding. Who has the laid measures thereof if thou knowest or who has stretched the line upon it? (not around it). Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened (how can the foundations be fastened on a spinning ball?). or who laid the cornerstone thereof.
This is God talking to Job. God’s words and not man.
Firstly, I do not consider one passage of scripture of more or less authority than another. It is all God’s Words. In the book of Job when Job is speaking about what God has done, He is speaking under the inspiration of the Holy Spirit. That is the only reason he knows anything (e.g. Job 26:7).
All scripture, not some scripture, is inspired by the Holy Spirit.
All scripture is given by inspiration of God [literally means God breathed from the Greek original text], and is profitable for doctrine [teaching], for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
2 Timothy 3:16 (KJV)
Also God is sovereign and He promised to preserve His Words so that none will ever be corrupted or lost.
The words of the LORD are pure words: as silver tried [refined] in a furnace of earth, purified seven times. 7 You shall keep them [His words], O LORD, You shall preserve them from this generation for ever.
Psalm 12:6-7, KJVER
Looking at Job 38:4-6: (KJVER)
4 Where were you when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if you have understanding.
5 Who has laid the measures thereof, if you know? or who has stretched the line upon it?
6 Whereupon are the foundations thereof fastened? or who laid the corner stone thereof;
There is also Job 38:18 talking about the breadth of the earth (how big it is).
Have you perceived the breadth of the earth? declare if you know it all.
Just when you thought story-telling in astronomy and cosmology had reached its peak we read an even more bizarre story.1,2 It is nothing more than extreme special pleading that the big-bang-believing astronomers must engage in to maintain their story.
Big bang cosmologist believe that the first stars in the universe were what they call Population III stars. These were the stars that allegedly first formed after the big bang. They allegedly were borne with very few elements other than hydrogen and helium. The reason for this is that the big bang itself allegedly could only make hydrogen, helium and a little bit of lithium.
But that presented a problem for big bang cosmology as a viable story for the origin of the universe. Where are all the Population III stars now? Surely some of them must still be around? No … none have been found! As a prediction of the standard big bang model that is a serious problem.