NASA’s Astronomy Picture of the Day on August 5th 2014 was a picture titled Hadeon Earth. It is a picture of what the planet Earth allegedly looked like four billion years ago. But how does any one know what it looked like back then? Were they there to take this picture? No of course not. It is based on a just-so story. That story is claimed tobe backed by scientific evidence but it is more backed by the faith that the scientists have in science–which really is scientism. Scientism is the belief that science alone can eventually answer all questions, reveal all truth even reveal the unobserved history of our planet back 4 billion years.
The explanation with the picture on the NASA website reads (my emphases added):
Explanation: No place on Earth was safe. Four billion years ago, during the Hadean eon [named because of the high surface temperatures like Hell, a biblical reference], our Solar System was a dangerous shooting gallery of large and dangerous rocks and ice chunks. Recent examination of lunar and Earth bombardment data indicate that the entire surface of the Earth underwent piecemeal upheavals, hiding our globe’s ancient geologic history, and creating a battered world with no remaining familiar land masses. The rain of devastation made it difficult for any life to survive, although bacteria that could endure high temperatures had the best chance. Oceans thought to have formed during this epoch would boil away after particularly heavy impacts, only to reform again. The above artist’s illustration depicts how Earth might have looked during this epoch, with circular impact features dotting the daylight side, and hot lava flows visible in the night. One billion years later, in a calmer Solar System, Earth’s first supercontinent formed.
Do you see it? Just story telling.
Firstly, the writer(s) claim the evidence is from the earth and the moon, but that there remains no land masses that once were part of the planets continental surfaces. So they have to fill in the story. We can’t see it so let’s make up a story around what we observe today. But it must be a story that has a starting assumption that the Universe began in the big bang, when nothing exploded, creating all the energy of the Universe, out of absolutely nothing. Yes, not vacuum energy but nothing, no space, no time, no matter, no energy, nothing.
Out of that big bang fireball allegedly matter, electrons, then protons eventually condensed. Then a billion or so years after the big bang stars and galaxies began to form under the action of gravity. This is without a Creator, so the pressure of the heating of those early gas clouds has to be overcome, by some ‘miracle.’ Molecular hydrogen to facilitate cooling of the condensing clouds is not enough so dark matter,1 the ‘god of the gaps,’ had to be invented. More on that another time.
Then some of the stars went supernova, exploded and released the products of their nuclear reactions. In those stars it is alleged is where the elements heavier than lithium were created. Those are elements that you and I are made of, i.e. carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, etc. They were then scattered into the interstellar medium.
Then about 5 billion years ago from a cloud of dust and gas our solar nebula formed and over some hundreds or thousands of years (or even millions, time is no problem) the sun formed. About 4.7 billion years ago it allegedly had the help of an exploding star nearby, which sent out a shock wave that compressed the gas in the solar nebula and overcome the natural limits imposed by the laws of physics. The supernova allegedly caused the solar system to coalesce from a giant rotating cloud of gas and dust, or so we are told. Some claim that material created in the last supernova before the solar nebula coalesced was included in the solar system which included elements from a red giant star.2
News sites often use the expression ‘it is thought’ or something similar. See here for example. This is typical story telling. Once mankind rejects the creation account of Genesis man is left only with stories and conjectures because he has no access to the past. According to Prof. Stephen Hawking,3 our solar system had to have been created after a supernova because it is plentiful with gold and platinum. That is some of the products, the very heavy elements, that are believed to only be able to form in the high temperatures of a supernova, like gold, platinum and uranium, are found in our solar system.
Note the circular reasoning. Theory says these heavy elements only come from high temperature events. Where do you get a high temperature event? In a supernova. Where do we find these heavy elements? In our solar system. Therefore a supernova occurred in the unseen past causing our solar system to form injecting the heavy elements into our solar system. The theory therefore has been ‘successfully’ tested because we discovered a supernova must have occurred forming the heavy elements. It is, at a minimum, begging the question.
Earth then eventually condensed out of the dust and rocks left after the sun formed. The pressure of solar radiation drove the remaining dust and the light elements out of the inner solar system. Thus the gas giants formed far from the sun. How do we know that? Because that is what we observe today. More begging I am afraid. What if it was created that way by the Creator? Such am hypothesis is forbidden because it is not naturalistic, and science has been defined as only allowing naturalistic causes.
Earth started very hot; lots of volcanic activity and bombardment from all the space rocks attracted to its larger mass. There’s your Hell on Earth phase. But it is just more story telling.
As the earth cooled the oceans formed about 3.8 billion years ago, and life crawled out of the oceans. Life must have been a fluke because we now know about abiogenesis — life from non-life is impossible.
All of that would be a reasonable story if it did not need so many miracles, and I have not even discussed the origin of the myriad different life forms on planet Earth.
In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.(Genesis 1:1)
If the universe created itself out of nothing (not even the quantum vacuum) why did God claim the credit? And if he created it with the big bang why didn’t he mention something about that in the holy Scriptures?
And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years: 15 And let them be for lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and it was so. 16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars also. 17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth, 18 And to rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was good. 19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day. (Genesis 1:14-19)
If the creation of the solar system was via a solar nebula and supernova of a star before the sun was created, why didn’t God mention any of this when He revealed to Adam His creation history?
For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; 19 Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. 20 For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse: (Romans 1:18-20)
- Many other molecules composed of hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen are considered, ranging from simple molecules such as ammonia (NH3) and carbon monoxide (CO) to complex organic molecules. See www.astrophysicsspectator.com/topics/milkyway/MolecularClouds.html
- Origins of our solar system revealed, www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2014/08/08/4062910.htm
- Stephen Hawking, www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uhy1fucSRQI