climate change History Science

Grand Solar Minimums and the Fall of Empires: A Great Crash Looms

Reposted from Electroverse

 by Cap Allon

Earth is gradually sliding into its next Ice Age, and has been doing so for the past 10,000 years. Today, modern civilization is on the cusp of a stratospheric fall, and it’s all to do with the Sun.

Societies flourish during times of warmth and high solar activity, the periods of Minoan, Roman and Medieval Warming are evidence of this.

Successful civilizations are built on the presumed constant and predictable climate that comes with solar maximums, and a civilizations reliance on its fragile infrastructure only grows as the decades of reliable climate pass.

But when the constant is broken, it’s broken fast, and the system can’t adapt quickly enough to cope with the descending cold — overlaying the peak of past civilizations atop the GISP2 Ice Core data clearly illustrates the pattern:

Civilizations flourish during times of warmth, and crumble soon after the cold sets in.

Please Note: Ice Core timelines do not have an absolute calibration. They are based on a proxy – Oxygen isotope studies. The past dates for the peaks and troughs depends on your worldview. In a biblical creationist model the ages older than about 4000 years compress to a maximum age of about 4500 years, which is the time of the Global Flood. But the peaks and troughs of ice sheet temperatures from about 3000 years ago (well after the Flood) up to the present are more reliably dated. — John G Hartnett

Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire

If we look at the Roman Empire, it’s apparent the sun was at the heart of everything.

The period from 200 BC to 150 AD — when the Roman project was at its most healthy — also coincided with what is often referred to as the ‘Roman Climate Optimum’, when the weather warmed up due to high solar activity.

Pliny the Elder, writing in the first century AD, described how beech trees, which used to grow only in the lowlands, started climbing up mountains as the temperature rose. Olives and vines were grown further and further north. The Empire became a giant greenhouse.

But the weather drastically deteriorated in 150–400 AD when solar output dropped — the ‘Roman Transitional Period’ — and hit temperature lows in the ‘Late Antique Little Ice Age’ from 450–700 AD.

Growing seasons were shortened, food shortages ensued, disease became rampant, millions died and the Empire fell apart.

Medieval Warming

The Medieval Warm Period — from about 900 AD to 1300 AD — was a time when global temperatures were as much as 1.4C above present levels.

Oxygen isotope studies in Greenland, Ireland, Germany, Switzerland, Tibet, China, New Zealand, and elsewhere, plus tree-ring data from many sites around the world all confirm the presence of a global Medieval Warm period.

The period coincided with a Grand Solar Maximum, a time of prolonged high solar output, and humans were once again prospering.

Don J. Easterbrook writes in Evidence-Based Climate Science:

Its effects were evident in Europe where grain crops flourished, alpine tree lines rose, many new cities arose, and the population more than doubled.

The Vikings took advantage of the climatic amelioration to colonize Greenland, and wine grapes were grown as far north as England where growing grapes is now not feasible and about 500 km north of present vineyards in France and Germany.

Grapes are presently grown in Germany up to elevations of about 560 m, but from about 1100 A.D. to 1300 A.D., vineyards extended up to 780 m, implying temperatures warmer by about 1.0–1.4 °C (Oliver, 1973).

Wheat and oats were grown around Trondheim, Norway, suggesting climates about 1 °C warmer than present (Fagan, 2000).

The Little Ice Age

At the end of the Medieval Warm Period, ∼1300 AD, temperatures dropped dramatically and the cold period that followed is known as the Little Ice Age.

The population of Europe had become dependent on cereal grains as a food supply during the Medieval Warm Period, and the colder climate, early snows, violent storms, and recurrent flooding resulted in massive crop failure, widespread famine and disease (Fagan, 2000; Grove, 2004).

Don J. Easterbrook continues:

The Little Ice Age was not a time of continuous cold climate, but rather repeated periods of cooling and warming, each of which occurred during times of solar minima, characterized by low sunspot numbers, low total solar irradiance (TSI), decreased solar magnetism, increased cosmic ray intensity, and increased production of radiocarbon and beryllium in the upper atmosphere.

Centuries of observations of the sun have shown that sunspots, solar irradiance, and solar magnetism vary over time, and these phenomena correlate very well with global climate changes on Earth.

A number of solar Grand Minima, periods of reduced solar output, have been recognized:

The Wolf Minimum was a period of low sunspot numbers and TSI between about 1300 AD and 1320 AD.

It occurred during the cold period that marked the end of the Medieval Warm Period and the beginning of the Little Ice Age about 1300 AD.

The change from the warmth of the Medieval Warm Period to the cold of the Little Ice Age was abrupt and devastating, leading to the Great Famine from 1310 to 1322.

The winter of 1309–1310 AD was exceptionally cold. The Thames River froze over and poor people were especially affected. 

The Sporer Minimum occurred from about 1410 to 1540 and like the Wolf Minimum, the Sporer coincided with a period of brutal cold.

During Maunder Minimum temperatures plummeted in Europe, the growing season became shorter by more than a month, the number of snowy days increased from a few to 20–30, the ground froze to several feet, alpine glaciers advanced all over the world, glaciers in the Swiss Alps encroached on farms and buried villages, tree-lines in the Alps dropped, sea ports were blocked by sea ice that surrounded Iceland and Holland for about 20 miles, wine grape harvests diminished, and cereal grain harvests failed, leading to mass famines (Fagan, 2007).

The Thames River and canals and rivers of the Netherlands froze over during the winter.

The population of Iceland decreased by about half.

In parts of China, warm-weather crops that had been grown for centuries were abandoned.

And in North America, early European settlers experienced exceptionally severe winters.

Modern Maximum and Looming Grand Solar Mimimum

All signs point to same pattern unfolding, potentially within the next few years.

We’ve had our Grand Solar Maximum, our period of sustained warmth and predictable climate, and we humans have flourished as a result.

But all good things come to an end, and solar activity is now falling off a cliff (relatively), and the implications look dire.

Sunspots –a great barometer for solar activity– have been absent for the past few years, and now, even as Solar Cycle 25 begins its ramp-up, spots are still proving hard to come by. And while the peak of SC25 is predicted, by most, to be similar to that of the historically weak SC24, it is SC26 where things get interesting. According to many solar physicist, including those at NOAA, there is no Solar Cycle 26 on the horizon, nor is there a Solar Cycle 27; instead, the Sun is forecast to remain in a state of “solar minimum” through the 2030s and 2040s–a phenomenon that would spell disaster for our modern monocropping ways and cause immense suffering for our “babied” society with its zero real-world skills.

Analysis by Professor Valentina Zharkova states that the next Grand Solar Minimum has already begun, as all four of the sun’s magnetic fields go out of phase:

And among the long list or scientific papers suggesting that a solar-driven spell of global cooling is on the cards, Dr Theodor Landscheidt’s ‘New Little ICE Age Instead of Global Warming?‘ probably has the claim of priority:

While NASA has recently warned that this upcoming Solar Cycle (25) will be “the weakest of the past 200 years,” with the agency also correlating previous solar shutdowns to prolonged periods of global cooling here.

The resulting COLD will throw society into chaos, just as it did during every preceding GSM.

Growing seasons will be drastically shortened.

Harvests will fail.

Millions will perish through starvation/disease.

And the Empire will crumble.

A Great Crash Looms

An immense bubble is blowing in the Stock Markets

Several noted economists and investors are warning of 60%-90% stock market crash in the very near future.

Harry Dent, Founder of HS Dent Investment Management, recently told Sky News Australia that he sees the crash beginning as soon as July, 2021:

“Real estate, stocks, everything but the most conservative government, Australian and US Treasury Bonds, are going to go down to reality and it’s going to hurt more than anybody thinks it ever could,” said Dent.

“Once you get bubbles of this extent, there’s no way to stop it, they have to come down to reality … I’m telling you, it’s 30 to 50 per cent for real estate in most countries and it’s 60 to 90 per cent in stocks in most countries … This is going to kill most people’s retirement portfolios. And there’s nothing they can do about it … I’m telling you it’s coming in the next two-to-three-years. And I think it’s about to start in the next month or two.”

Watch Dent interview by Sky News Host Chris Smith below:

The Modern Maximum is over, in every regard.

Great plays of the cosmos contribute to the rise and fall of empires.

In the end, man is eternally fallible and no empire lasts forever.

The COLD TIMES are returning, the mid-latitudes are REFREEZING in line with the great conjunctionhistorically low solar activitycloud-nucleating Cosmic Rays, and a meridional jet stream flow (among other forcings).

Both NOAA and NASA appear to agree, if you read between the lines, with NOAA saying we’re entering a ‘full-blown’ Grand Solar Minimum in the late-2020s, and NASA seeing this upcoming solar cycle (25) as “the weakest of the past 200 years”, with the agency correlating previous solar shutdowns to prolonged periods of global cooling here.

Furthermore, we can’t ignore the slew of new scientific papers stating the immense impact The Beaufort Gyre could have on the Gulf Stream, and therefore the climate overall.

Prepare accordingly— learn the facts, relocate if need be, and grow your own.

By John Gideon Hartnett

Dr John G. Hartnett is an Australian physicist and cosmologist, and a Christian with a biblical creationist worldview. He received a B.Sc. (Hons) and Ph.D. (with distinction) in Physics from The University of Western Australia, W.A., Australia. He was an Australian Research Council (ARC) Discovery Outstanding Researcher Award (DORA) fellow at the University of Adelaide, with rank of Associate Professor. Now he is retired. He has published more than 200 papers in scientific journals, book chapters and conference proceedings.

3 replies on “Grand Solar Minimums and the Fall of Empires: A Great Crash Looms”

Actually not. We just need to correct for dates older than about 3500 years ago. I have added a note to the first figure of the ice sheet temperature data. Please note that no one directly measures temperature in the ice cores. It is not possible to measure anything from the past. All data — oxygen isotope ratios in this case — need to be calibrated, which for the ancient past is heavily model dependent.


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